Malaysia Palm Oil Industry Report - H2, 2012

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Malaysia Palm Oil Industry Report - H2, 2012

Following rapid growth in the past few years, the Malaysian palm oil industry went through unprecedented times in 2012 with lower crude palm oil (CPO) production, as well as lower palm oil prices and exports. The average CPO price for the year slipped 14% to MYR 2,764 per tonne from a record-high of MYR 3,219 per tonne in 2011, while export revenue of palm products declined 11% to MYR 71.5bn.

CPO production in 2012 declined marginally to 18.79mn tonnes, attributed to lower fresh fruit bunch (FFB) yield due to tree stress after a strong FFB production period in 2011. Higher palm oil opening stocks, higher imports by 6.5% and lower palm oil exports by 2.4% contributed to the huge closing stocks for the year. Meanwhile, the oil palm planted area in 2012 increased 1.5% to 5.08mn hectares due to increase in planted area in Sarawak.

Effective January 1, 2013, Malaysia lowered its CPO export tax rates to create a level playing field vis-à-vis its Indonesian peers and provide an export outlet for the huge stockpiles. The government has also shown keen interest in subsiding oil palm replanting scheme and raising domestic demand for palm biodiesel to prevent escalating stockpile. CPO prices are envisaged to stage a modest recovery in 2013, barring any changes to the global economic recovery.

Key Points:

• Palm oil stocks in 2012 closed at record-high 2.63mn tonnes, a surge of 27.7% year on year. Higher palm oil opening stock and imports as well as lower palm oil exports contributed to the huge closing stocks.

• The average CPO price in 2012 was MYR 2,764, down 14.1% against record-high MYR 3,219 in 2011, mainly due to concerns over the build-up in palm oil stocks.

• The average FFB yield decreased 4.1% to 18.89 tonnes per hectare in 2012 after experiencing a year of high yield, while the national oil extraction rate (OER) remained steady at 20.35%.



Table of Contents

1. Industry Profile
1.1 Overview
1.2 Plantation
1.2.1 Area
1.2.2 Yield
1.3 Processing
1.4 Production
1.5 Stocks
1.6 Exports and imports
1.7 Prices
1.8 World oils and fats

2. Market trends and outlook
2.1 World’s top two palm oil producers
2.2 Development of the palm oil industry
2.2.1 Industrial and food products
2.2.2 Biomass
2.3 Palm biodiesel
2.4 Crude palm oil tax
2.5 Government incentives
2.6 Sustainable palm oil and biodiversity
2.6.1 Biodiversity conservation
2.6.2 Roundtable On Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)
2.7 Market Outlook

3. Leading players and comparative matrix
3.1 Leading players
3.1.1 Sime Darby Berhad
3.1.2 IOI Corporation Berhad
3.1.3 Kuala Lumpur Kepong Berhad
3.2 Comparative matrix
3.3 SWOT analysis

4. Tables and charts

Table 1: Summary of the performance of the Malaysian oil palm industry
(2012 vs. 2011)
Table 2: Oil palm planted area by states in 2010–2012 (hectares)
Table 3: Number and capacities of palm oil sectors in 2012 (mn tonnes)
Table 4: Palm oil products processed in 2012 (tonnes)
Table 5: Production of oil palm products (2012 vs. 2011) (tonnes)
Table 6: Closing stock of oil palm products as of December (2012 vs. 2011) (tonnes)
Table 7: Local prices of palm oil products (2012 vs. 2011) (MYR per tonne)
Table 8: Export prices of processed palm oil products (2012 vs. 2011)
(MYR per tonne)
Table 9: Taxation on the Malaysian palm oil sector (as of October 2011)
Table 10: Comparison of old and new palm oil export taxes in Malaysia
(effective Jan 1, 2013)
Table 11: SIME’s five-year plantation statistics (2008–2012)
Table 12: SIME’s financial summary (2008–H1/2013)
Table 13: IOI’s five-year plantation statistics (2008–2012)
Table 14: IOI’s financial summary (2008–H1/2013)
Table 15: KLK’s five-year plantation statistics (2008–2012)
Table 16: KLK’s financial summary (2008–Q1/2013)
Table 17: Selected peer comparison of key financials
Table 18: Selected peer comparison of plantation statistics

Chart 1: Oil palm planted area by category in 2012
Chart 2: Monthly FFB yield (2012 vs. 2011)
Chart 3: Monthly CPO yield (2012 vs. 2011)
Chart 4: Utilisation rate of palm oil sectors (2012 vs. 2011)
Chart 5: Production trend of CPO and CPKO (2002–2012)
Chart 6: Export of oil palm products by value (2007–2012)
Chart 7: Export of oil palm products by volume (2007–2012)
Chart 8: Export of palm oil by destination in 2012
Chart 9: Import of oil palm products by volume (2012 vs. 2011)
Chart 10: Average annual price trend of CPO and CPKO (2002–2012)
Chart 11: World exports of major oils and fats in 2012
Chart 12: World production of major oils and fats (2012 vs. 2011)
Chart 13: World major producers of palm oil in 2012
Chart 14: World top two producers of palm oil (2003–2012)
Chart 15: CSPO production area (2008–2012)
Chart 16: CSPO and CSPK production capacity (2008–2012)
Chart 17: CSPO and CSPK supply by country
Chart 18: SIME’s segmental contribution to revenue and profit in FY2012
Chart 19: IOI's segmental contribution to profit in FY2012
Chart 20: KLK's FFB production and oil palm planted area (FY2008–2012)

Number of pages: 36
Release Date: Wed, 20 Mar 2013